After the Holy Prophet performed his farewell pilgrimage, he reached a place , called Ghadir-e-Khom , which was on his way to Medina.
He ordered a halt , then he received the following revelation :
ساری,گاهنوشته های محمود زارع
O messenger, deliver what is sent down to you from your lord; if you do not, you will not have conveyed his message. allah protects you from the people. allah does not guide the nation, the unbelievers.(1)

   Receiving this command , he resolved to make the announcement without delay. He , therefore , made a halt at the place , where a pulpit was erected by the saddles of camels.

   Then Bilal Habashi ( Ethiopian ) called to the people and they clustered round the pulpit , the Prophet stepped up and Ali was on his right.

   Ali,s turban was black with its end hanging over both of his shoulders.
   First the Holy Prophet praised God , then he addressed the multitudes thus: , " You believe that there is no god but One God , that Muhammad is His Apostle and Prophet , that paradise and hell are truths , that death and Resurrection are certain. " They all answered , " We believe these things. " He intormed them that he was called to meet his Lord soon , then said , " I leave among you two grand things.

   Each of them surpasses the other in its grandeur. God,s Book ( the Holy Quran ) and my progeny , the family of mine.

   Beware how you behave to them. When I am gone from amongst you , both will not separate from each other until they reach me in Heaven , at the Fountain of Kauthar. " Then he continued , God is my guardian (Maula) and I am the guardian of all believers. "
ساری,گاهنوشته های محمود زارع
   Then he took one hand of Ali into his own , lifted it upright and solemnly proclaimed , " Whomsoever I have his guardianship , Ali , too , owns his guardianship. May God befriend those who befriend Ali and may be the enemy to those who are enemies of Ali . . . . "(2)

   The Holy Prophet announced this three times , he dismounted the platform and seated Ali in a tent , where the people congratulated him. Omar was the first person who congratulated him and called Ali , Commander of the Faithful ,

   The following famous verses from the Koran were received by the Holy Prophet from Heaven :
this day i have perfected your religion for you and completed my favor to you






الْیَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دینَكُمْ وَ أَتْمَمْتُ عَلَیْكُمْ نِعْمَتی وَ رَضیتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلامَ دینا
" مائده / 3 "

امروز دین شما را برایتان كامل و نعمت‏ خود را بر شما تمام گردانیدم

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(1). یَا أَیُّهَا الرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ مَا أُنزِلَ إِلَیْكَ مِن رَّبِّكَ وَإِن لَّمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ وَاللّهُ یَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ إِنَّ اللّهَ لاَ یَهْدِی الْقَوْمَ الْكَافِرِینَ " مائده / 67 "
(2).من كنت مولاه فعلی مولاه ، اللهم وال من والاه وعاد من عاداه



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